Friday, May 15, 2020

Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada Biography

Prime Minister Stephen Harper has worked through the right-leaning parties in Canada, and as Leader of the Canadian Alliance Party oversaw its merger with the Progressive Conservatives to form the new Conservative Party of Canada in 2003. By nature more comfortable with policy than as a political glad-hander, Stephen Harper has slowly become more at ease in leadership. He ran a meticulous campaign in the 2006 federal election  and led the Conservatives to a minority government. In the 2008 federal election, he increased the size of that minority. Stephen Harper became increasingly impatient with the constraints that minority government put on his plans. Always a tightly controlling manager, he got more controlling, both with his own MPs and the public service, was increasingly aggressive in attacking the opposition rather than consensus building, and ignored parliament, which he described as just political games. In the 2011 federal election, he ran a scripted campaign based on fear, giving the same speech several times a day throughout the entire campaign, and taking few questions. The strategy worked and he won a majority government. His government is left with little presence in Quebec however. He also faces a newly energized NDP in Official Opposition, which has dozens of new and young MPs. Right after the election, Stephen Harper told reporters his plan is to make the Conservatives a mainstream government, ruling closer to the center. Prime Minister of Canada 2006 to 2015 Birth April 30, 1959, in Toronto, Ontario Education BA - University of Calgary 1985MA - University of Calgary 1991 Profession EconomistPresident, National Citizens Coalition 1998 Political Affiliations Reform Party of Canada (1988 to 2000)Canadian Alliance Party (2000 to 2003) Conservative Party of Canada (2003 to present) Federal Ridings Calgary West (1993 to 1997 - Reform Party)Calgary Southwest (2002-04 - Canadian Alliance Party; 2004 to present - Conservative Party of Canada) Political Career of Stephen Harper Stephen Harper began his political career as Executive Assistant to Jim Hawkes, Progressive Conservative MP for Calgary West in 1981.He became Chief Policy Officer for the Reform Party in 1987.He became Legislative Assistant to Deborah Grey, the Reform Partys first MP in 1988.Stephen Harper was first elected to the House of Commons as the Reform MP for Calgary West in 1993.He served as the Reform Party critic for finance and national unity.Stephen Harper did not seek re-election in 1997.In March 2002, Stephen Harper was elected Leader of the Canadian Alliance Party.He was elected to the House of Commons in Calgary Southwest in May 2002.After on-and-off negotiations, Stephen Harper signed an agreement with Peter MacKay of the Progressive Conservative Party to merge the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party into the Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. Stephen Harper stepped down as the Leader of the Canadian Alliance to run for the leadership of the new Co nservative Party of Canada in January 2004.Stephen Harper was elected Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada in March 2004.In the 2006 general election, Stephen Harper led the Conservative Party to victory with a minority government.Stephen Harper was sworn in as the 22nd Prime Minister of Canada on February 6, 2006.Stephen Harper led the Conservative Party to a second minority government in October 2008.On May 2, 2011, Stephen Harper and the Conservative Party won a majority government.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Evolution Of The Fossil Record - 900 Words

Through the fossil record, scientists have been able to observe the changes among different homo genus, as they evolved over time becoming what we now know as the modern human (Fossil Record, 2015). The fossil record not only organizes the sequential generations that have changed over time to adapt better to their environments, but it also provides a time line to how homo sapiens came to exist (Fossil Record, 2015). Through careful analysis of the human fossil record, characteristics in the skull such as the brow ridge, brain size, cranial capacity, dentition, nasal cavity, eye sockets, mandible, and the cranial base are all characterizes, that both connect the three specimens Homo erectus, Neanderthals, and modern human, as well as, set them apart. Homo erectus being the oldest of the three skulls dates back up to 1.8 million years ago to 300 ka yBP. This genus was known for its large brow ridges, used to support the muscles of its massive jaw (Fagan, 1994). Also, Homo erectus had low and elongated skulls, bigger brains flatter faces, smaller molars and thinner enamels, although they did still contain large nasal cavities and rounded eye sockets compared to that of other archaic homo genus (Larsen, 2014). In addition, Homo erectus also contained a thick walled, rounded skull, a sloping forehead, and had a cranial capacity ranging from 8 hundred to 13 thousand (Fagan, 1994), and a cranial base, which is the delicate bony platform behind the eyes on which the brain rests,Show MoreRelatedEvolution Vs. Fossil Records912 Words   |  4 PagesEvolution has been a widely known discussion that many people have had over the past century, the theory of evolution has been welcomed by many scientists yet by some religious people it has b een a taboo topic. The thought or the motion to entertain that humans evolved from primates is what some people would shudder and state that it goes against all their religious beliefs. However, scientist have pushed on the fact that evolution is not just a hypothetical or an outlandish theory but a theoryRead MoreUsing Fossil Records to Compare Evolution and Creationism807 Words   |  3 PagesFossil Records: Evolution vs. Creation Defined in Biology, evolution is as a change in allele frequencies of a population. To more simply express, a change in the genetic coding (DNA) of a group of organisms. These changes can be as simple as eye or hair color, and as complex has the development of limb and finger bones as seen in evolution of fish to land-roaming tetrapods (Tiktaalik roseae). A strong factor supporting evolution is the history of life as documented by fossils, known as the fossilRead MoreIn The Article The Fossil Record Supports Evolution, Writer,938 Words   |  4 Pages In the article The Fossil Record Supports Evolution, writer, David A. Thomas argues his position. He favors Evolution over Creationism. In the article David explains how there are gaps in fossilization. He tells how creationists expose those gaps and claim that because of those gaps evolution is not proven to be true. However Thomas explains that there are many difficult steps in the process of uncovering fossils, but those difficult ies don’t disprove anything. He says that creationists say thatRead MoreEvidence of Evolution in Fossil Records and the Process of Spontaneous Origins of Life728 Words   |  3 PagesThe fossil record can show evidence for evolution, by relative dating, and radioactive dating we can find evidence for evolution. Relative dating is the process of finding out the age of a fossil by comparing it to other fossils/rocks. This process helps us determine how old certain specific fossils are by comparing them to other fossils; comparing older ancestor fossils helps us see the physical evolutionary change as time goes on, index fossils are used to determine the age of the fossil. RadioactiveRead MoreEvolution And Evolution Of Evolution1054 Words   |  5 Pages Evolution is something that can be taken into different meanings, from the way you live. Some people can accept evolution and some can’t. The meaning of evolution is the way a different animal or species came to be, and how they are linked to a different of species that all share a common ancestor (an introduction to evolution). There is a lot of evidence to shows that evolution is can be proven like DNA Sequences, Fossil Records, Cladograms, and analogous/homologous structures, because there areRead MoreEvolution Of Life On Earth1667 Words   |  7 PagesFossils can provide us with a great deal of information about the past. They can also help us to understand the present. When do we believe life on earth originated? The earth cooled from its formation 4.6 billion years ago. Life on earth began 3.5 billion years ago, evidence supporting this statement is that the earliest fossils were found from up to 3.5 billion years ago. The following steps are believed to be the major stages in the evolution of life on Earth: 1. The formation of organic moleculesRead MoreEvolution Is More Correct Than Creationism1196 Words   |  5 PagesWhy Evolution is More Correct than Creationism Would you believe that humans and other primates have a common ancestor? Would you believe that you evolved so much that your appendix is a useless organ? Evolution has all of the answers to these questions. However, Creationism doesn’t have all of the answers. Over 60 percent of people believe in evolution. Why shouldn’t you? Evolution is defined as â€Å"the slow process by which changes in plants and animals happen over time† (Webster’s Dictionary)Read MoreSimilarities Between Humans And Humans1067 Words   |  5 Pagesthe theory of evolution. The theory of evolution brought many interpretation from scientists and people. But can you considered the theory of evolution, a fact or fiction? In my opinion, the theory of evolution is considered a fact, supported by the changes in species, common ancestry, and is evident in today’s modern life. To understand the debatable topic of evolution, the theory of evolution must be incorporated. Charles Darwin who was a naturalist, created the theory of evolution by natural selectionRead MoreA Fossil Lagerstatten Is A Form Of Sedimentary Deposits1410 Words   |  6 PagesA fossil Lagerstà ¤tten is a form of sedimentary deposit that is of high value due to the fossils that it contains (Clarkson, 1998). The geological horizons containing these deposits were named by the German Palaeontologist Adolf Seilacher in 1985 (Nudds Seldon, 2008), ‘Lager’ meaning Stratum and ‘Stà ¤tte’ meaning place (Allaby, 2013). Palaeontologists divide fossil Lagerstà ¤tten into two types; Konservant-Lagerstà ¤tten (Nudds Seldon, 2008), or conservation deposits, are horizons that show exceptionalRead MoreHuman Evolution Myth or Fact1313 Words   |  6 PagesThe debate of human evolution being fact or fiction has been around for hundreds of years. Evidence of human ancestry has been found in many parts of the world and these fossils found have been proven to be human. The parts of the world include Eurasia and Africa. Although fossils are found in Eurasia, the human ancestor the Hominoidea has been traced back to the Miocene epochs, which were 23 to 5 million years ago. The Hominoidea is a super-family, which contains many species that are existent today

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

The Factors Influencing Customer Retention In The Restaurant Industry

Questions: 1.Is there any significant relationship between food quality and customer retention? 2.Is there any significant relationship between a restaurants booking system and customer retention? 3..Is there any significant relationship between loyalty programs and customer retention? 4..Is there any significant relationship between efficient customer relationship and customer retention? 5.Is there any significant relationship between efficient customer relationship and customer retention? Answers: In the modern day scenario, one of the most important aspects of the society is the large scale growth of shopping malls. However, this must be noted that the shopping malls have attracted the attention of a large number of customers within a very short time periods. There are however many different factors that are responsible for the popularity of the shopping malls. However there many different aspects like customer loyalty programs, the equality in the services delivered, the booking system that is being used in the malls, the quality of the food being served and many other such things. 1. To investigate the relationship between the importance of food quality for choosing a restaurant and customer retention. One of the very important aspects that determine the customers selection of restaurant is the standard of food served by them (Yan et al 2015). While selecting any particular restaurant the customers are usually influenced by some specific aspects like that of the menu, the price of food, the atmosphere, and the convenience factors. However this must be kept in mind that the customers are often governed by their demographic factors as well. The teenagers mainly want to visit restaurants that do a lot of experiments in serving new kinds of food whereas the people between the age group of fifty and more usually tend to follow a common and traditional menu in the same preferred restaurant. Customers on the present day scenario are ready to pay high amount of price provided that they are getting proper quality of food and also some additional facilities that is some added advantages. Restaurants therefore try to keep the price of the food know and try to maintain high quality so that the y can retain bulk amount of customers (Yan et al 2015). Restaurants have really changed the modern lifestyle in a major way. It has helped people a great deal and has also made them very much alert on the other hand. The modern day customers are very much health conscious as well. They know that eating too much of outside food might render them unhealthy. Hence, they are looking for good quality, fresh and healthy food from the restaurants. However there are also other factors like the taste of cuisines. The restaurant ambience, services provides that influences the customer retention. Hence, the restaurants must aim at maintain the proper quality of food keeping in mind the demographic patterns, the customer attitudes and most importantly the health of the customers. 2. To investigate the relationship between the importance of restaurant booking system for choosing a restaurant and customer retention. The reservation or the booking system is a very big factor that influencers the customers choice of restaurants. This is because of the fact that customers nowadays want easy and quick services (Boo 2017). Technological innovations have made it possible for the restaurants to use many modern methods of booking like mobile app, web pages, online booking. The customers are also very much comfortable in using the electronic and digitalized booking system so that they can avoid standing in long queues or holding on to the telephone lines for long in order to get their booking. This is because of the fact that the customers nowadays are looking for several additional services. The customers are of the opinion that getting their food and their tables booked through electronic digital systems are much better than booking through the old paper based offline booking system. Bookings through mobile apps, websites have changed the booking system a great deal (Al-Tit 2015). So, naturally the cus tomers will be inclined towards restaurants providing the, a quick and smooth booking system. 3. To investigate the relationship between the importance of loyalty programs for choosing a restaurant and customer retention. One of the important aspects that the customers are looking for in different restaurants id the loyalty program offered by them, In other words, the modern-day customers are very much eager about getting some additional benefits from the restaurants apart from the good quality food. Hence, it is an effort being undertaken by the restaurants to retain their customers by offering them some or the other benefits or rewards (Yan et al 2015). This can be done by the restaurants by offering some extra discounts or some additional free services to their customers. These benefits include some special rebates or some free delivery services. The restaurants are developing these loyalty programs on a long term basis as it is the best possible means of retaining the customers. The customers will develop a kind of loyalty or an affinity towards their favourite restaurants if they get something more than the regular day to day things. 4. To investigate the relationship between the importance of service quality for choosing a restaurant and customer retention. In order to retain the customers and promote the repeat customer purchasing, it is the duty of the restaurants to satisfy the customers at every single step (Han and Hyun 2015). This can be best done by providing proper customer service. This is because if the customers face some very unpleasant and poor services at a restaurant, they will obviously not like to return back to the same place again. This will easily give them the option of switching over to other alterative options. Poor customer service like delay in serving the food, or unfriendly ambience of the restaurant, unavailability of tables and many other such things usually causes customer dissatisfaction. 5. Another important aspect that influences the customer retention is the behaviour of the employees or the restaurant staffs. The staffs must be properly trained in customer handling. They must always greet the customers with smile and appear very polite and friendly to the customers (Yan et al 2015). This is one of the most important aspects of the hospitality industry. The customers will be dissatisfied if they are behaved rudely by the restaurant staffs and this will hamper the customer retention. References Al-Tit, A.A., 2015. The effect of service and food quality on customer satisfaction and hence customer retention.Asian Social Science,11(23), p.129. Boo, H.V., 2017. Service Environment of Restaurants: Findings from the youth customers.Journal of ASIAN behavioural studies,2(2), pp.67-77. Han, H. and Hyun, S.S., 2015. Customer retention in the medical tourism industry: Impact of quality, satisfaction, trust, and price reasonableness.Tourism Management,46, pp.20-29. Yan, X., Wang, J. and Chau, M., 2015. Customer revisit intention to restaurants: Evidence from online reviews.Information Systems Frontiers,17(3), pp.645-657.

Sunday, April 12, 2020

The Devil and Daniel Webster Essay Example For Students

The Devil and Daniel Webster Essay The play The Devil and Daniel Webster was written by Stephen Vincent Bent in 1938. Stephen Vincent Bent was born in 1898 in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. His education came from Yale University and the Sorbonne in Paris, France. The Devil and Daniel Webster has a wide array of characters, each with a distinguished personality, yet an overall temperment that would be fitting of a New England community. The main character is Jabez Stone, a wealthy New England statesman whose possition was the state senator of New Hampshire. He had started out as a farmer though, but moved up in life and, when he was about thirty years of age, married the fair woman, Mary Stone- who was in her early twenties. The fiddler, though not incredibly important, was a key character in that he provided foreshadowing. We will write a custom essay on The Devil and Daniel Webster specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now When he said, But the very devils got into that fiddle of mine., he was forshadowing the coming of the devil to disturb the merriments. A very key character in this play is the devil himself, which took the name of Scratch (for that was what he was called in New England communities). He had come to steal the soul of Jabez Stone, claiming that he had a right to Jabez because of a legal contract. Last- but most certainly not least in this story- is the great Governor of New Hampshire, loved by all, Daniel Webster. Daniel Webster was not only the governor, but an excelent orator. He had a way of using words to pursued the opinion of others, sometimes by conveying feelings or emotion. The play starts out in the ornate home of Jabez and Mary Stone, right after their wedding has taken place. The Fiddler, who sat upon a Cider Barrel, played a tune on the Fiddle, and all of the guests danced to it. Basically, it was a wedding reception. At first, there was nothing more than small talk going on, but by using even this smalltalk, Bent very accurately described the lifestyles of the New England residents. As the play progressed, political favor of the day was expressed as Daniel Webster arived, associating himself with Jabez Stone. One man cried out, Vote the Whig ticket! and another, Hurray for Daniel Webster! Of course, political disfavor was also shown, as Scratch (the devil) portreyed himself as a lawyer from Boston, implying that the political party from Boston was disfavored. Later on, after some forshadowing by both Jabez and Mary, it is learned that Jabez had sold his soul to the devil. He had done this because of the dessolite land he had to farm, it was entirely baren, and had an abundance of large stones there. In return, the devil brought him prosperity- for a time. Jabez had become state senator, married a wonderful woman, and had friends in high places. But it did not last forever. A small climax- more like a turning point- occurred when Scratch had driven all the guests away from fear. He then left for a short time, preparing to come back at a later time to reclaim his prize. Daniel Webster, however, felt confidant that he could defeat Scratch in a fair trial and/or debate. As it turned out, both happened. When Scratch came back, they had a trial- a trial with a biased jury of the undead. A great oratory debate soon followed between Scratch and Daniel Webster. It was a fierce debate, though it did remain civil. Webster used his cunning intellect against Scratch, but in every case, either Scratch would refute his claim, or the judge at this trial, Judge Hawthorne of the Salem Witch Trials, would over-rule Daniel Webster- no matter how logical he had been. For instance, when Daniel Webster claimed that Mr. Stone is an American citizen, and American citizen may be forced into the service of a foreign prince., the devil replied that he was no foreigner with when t he first wrong was done to the first Indian, I was there. When the first slaver put out for the Congo, I stood on her deck. Such a trial was impossible to win, until Daniel Webster used his words to bring back memories of the undead jury- of when they had been alive and human. He appealed to them, one by one, and slowly changed the sway of the biased jury of the undead. In the end, the verdict was not guilty, and old Scratch was finally flung out the door. Overall, I thoroughly enjoyed this play by Stephen Vincent Bent, and I would recommend reading it.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Analysis of Japan

Analysis of Japan Japan has always been known as a conservative society that is well entrenched in its ideas of tradition, culture and the preservation of social institutions (Japan, 58-63). Yet, it is this focus on tradition that has resulted in the preservation of its ancient cultural traditions that has enthralled and fascinated the world for generations.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Analysis of Japan specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More At the present, the country is home to 125 million people with the main language spoken being nihonggo. There are also various regional dialects such as Kansai-bien which is primarily being utilized within the rural areas of the Kansai region (Japan, 58-63). At the present, the current exchange rate between the Yen and Dirham is 1.00 AED = 21.7418 JPY. While it may seem high you need to take into consideration the fact that while Japan has some of the best inns in the world, the inherent costs are usually twice as high as those in other countries. For people wishing to visit the country, the best time to do so is during the winter and spring seasons in order to take full advantage of the hot spring resorts that the country is famous for. Infrastructure When it comes to the local infrastructure of Japan, it is actually quite interesting to note that the Japanese utilize public transportation more so than other countries. There are actually relatively few cars within the country with a vast majority of the general public relying on the dozens of train lines, bullet trains as well as airports that the country has to offer. To make things easier for tourists, the Japanese government has helpfully placed signs in both English and Japanese on all public methods of transportation in order to help tourists easily access various locations around the country. It should also be noted that weekly passes can be bought at various train stations that allow travelers to utilize the trains as much as they want within the designated period on the cards. As such, for any tourist wishing to go to various locations within the country it can be done in a relatively cheap and easy manner.Advertising Looking for report on geography? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Types of Tourists International (Encompasses the U.A.E, U.S., Europe and other countries) Regional (Within the Asian region) Local (Within Japan) Potential Retirees (People looking for a permanent place to retire) Demographics: Middle to high income 30 to 55 years (middle aged) College Educated Is usually quite stressed 2 to 3 children High income Aged 30 and above Composed of Businessmen and entrepreneurs Usually coming from areas such as Hong Kong, Beijing and Australia 3 4 children Low to moderate income Young to middle agedHigh education statusWorks within the 2 largest metropolitan areas in the country (i.e. Tokyo and Osaka)1 to 2 childre nUsually goes on vacation with a large group of friends or associates from work Pensioned (fixed income) 60 years old and above College graduates Usually composed of U.S./European retirees 2 to 3 children Benefits Sought: Mid-quality hotel rooms, Affordable food, Located near the beach, Access to public/affordable transportation Professional hotel staff Friendly Locals High quality food, Located right next to the beach, Luxurious hotel rooms Professional hotel staff Friendly locals Cheap hotel rooms, Inexpensive food, Convenient access to the beach Located near affordable places to eat Access to public transportation Relaxing environment, Low cost of living expenses, Safety, Friendly locals Shared Values: Seeks to conform to an allotted budget for the vacation Focuses on a variety of outdoor activities such as surfing, diving, paragliding etc. Thinks quite highly of the local population Cost is not an issue Seeks to derive as much enjoyment as possible from the experience Intere sted in experiencing as many new things as possible Does not think highly of the local population To spend as little as possible Focuses more on practicality rather than luxury Enjoys taking vacations in large groups To find a nice quiet place to retire Develop good relationships with the locals Relax for the rest of one’s life in a nice environment Thought Patterns: Independent Open to new ideas Confident Arrogant Superficial Sticks to preconditioned ideas regarding the local culture Possesses a feeling of entitlement Peaceful Cooperative Fear of spending too much Peaceful Cooperative Open to new ideas Targeted By: Mid-level hot spring resorts, High end luxury resorts Mid-level resorts Small beach resorts with an attached development plan for beach front property for retirees. Purpose: To experience new activities and get away from the stress of work To enjoy the various luxurious amenities available within the target destination. To go out on a vacation with a group o f friends in order to better connect with one another To look for a place to retire in peace Motivation: The desire to unwind and relax To experience what Japan has to offer To go out with friends To finally retire in peace Buying Behavior: Influenced by the desire to experience new activities that they otherwise would not be able to do in the countries they come from (i.e. relax on the beach, paragliding, deep sea diving etc.) Focuses on having the best of everything throughout the entire experience. This encompasses having the best hotel rooms, the best foods, going for the most expensive activities etc. Revolves around the desire to participate in activities as a group. This involves eating with a large group of friends, interacting with people they know and going for a variety of group based activities. For retirees, this involves examining the country and location where they plan to retire. As such, buying behavior for this particular demographic is heavily influenced by th e degree of safety and relative ease of life in their desire location. Tourism Contribution to Local Economy On average, Japan brings in roughly 8.3 million tourists a year from various international locations such as the U.S., Europe, the Middle East and several countries within Asia. While tourism is not a vital part of the local economy, it still provides more than $3.5 billion dollars a year in annual income. It must be noted though that as a direct result of the Fukushima nuclear disaster tourism in Japan has actually dropped by 25% within the past year, however, the numbers are expected to rise given that the supposed danger has passed. Another factor that should be taken into consideration when examining the local economy of the country is the fact that a vast majority of tourism services are oriented towards local rather than international consumers. This is evidenced by the fact that there is little in the way of significant internationalization of services which specifi cally cater to international clientele. This is actually one of the impediments to increasing tourism within the country since many tourists are wary of visiting a country that does not have sufficient local services to address their concerns especially when it comes to being understood by the local populace that barely speaks English. Evaluation of Destination Marketing The primary strategy that has been employed by Japan has been to create partnerships with a variety of travel agencies within other countries in order to incorporate various locations within the country in their packaged tour deals. By doing so, this has brought in almost 60% of all guests to the location during the busy and slow seasons and continues to be one of the main ways the country is able to get tourists. One of the primary reasons behind the utilization of such a strategy is due to the fact that while English is taught in various schools, it is not extensively utilized in business proceedings.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Analysis of Japan specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As such, Japan has had to rely extensively on external agencies in order to promote its various tourism destinations. Not only that, compared to Europe, Australia and the Philippines there is little in the way of a sufficiently extensive online presence within social media networks for Japan. The country does not even utilize E-commerce platforms in order to create a faster and more prudent method for international guests to make reservations and pay for rooms ahead of time. While it may be true that this due to the fact that many of ryoukans and onsens prefer to operate utilizing traditional methods this just means that they are missing out on potentially tapping the a large online consumer market. It must also be noted that the popularity of social media platforms such as Facebook and Google + makes it a free and easy method for hotels and tou rism destinations to advertise their services via satisfied liking and sharing of the page as well as through various online promotions. It is based on this that it is recommend that various ryoukans, onsens and tourism destinations within the country setup a proper E-commerce application for future websites as well as setup a Facebook page. By doing so this creates the potential for such establishments to access new customer bases in far off locations and make it easier for them to make a reservation and pay for their room without having to spend too much. Comparative Analysis of Popular Tourism Destinations within the Region to Japan Philippines Thailand Japan Australia Strength Has one of the world’s most biologically diverse marine ecosystems Possesses beautiful white sand beachesThe local population is known throughout the world for their hospitalityFood and hotels are relatively inexpensiveNearly everyone within the country speaks English Possesses a wide range of cultural traditions and historic sites that are unique to the country Has one of the lowest prices for hotels and food in the world Locals are relatively kind to foreigners Has one of the oldest cultures in the world with a wide range of unique cultural attractions throughout the country Is well known for its hot springs which supposedly have restorative properties Is one of the safest and most technologically advanced countries within the world Has a local culture that is understandable by most westerners Is well known for its beaches Widely considered to be one of the surfing capitals of the world Has a relatively low crime rate Weakness The local armed resistance groups such as MILF and Abu Sayyaf have been known to kidnap and hold tourists for ransom There is rampant corruption in various sectors resulting foreigners sometimes being gouged on prices Is located within a region that is prone to tsunamis The country is known more for its lucrative red light districts that it is for its cultural attractions Kidnapping by local criminals is a definite possibility It is one of the most expensive places in the world to take a vacation with prices for even basic goods exceeding the cost seen in most western countries The locals rarely understand English and are often afraid to interact with foreigners The country has hundreds if not thousands of local species that could kill a person rather quickly The Australian Outback is one of the most dangerous places on Earth Due to adverse water distribution policies several areas within the country are prone to dust storms Opportunities Still has a relatively underdeveloped tourism industry and as such there are numerous opportunities for expansion Within the past few years Thailand has emerged from the tsunami disaster through large investments in its tourism industry resulting in better facilities and more affordable prices Recent initiatives from the Japanese government to increase the number of tourists entering t he country have resulted in fewer restrictions and red tape involving tourist visas The country has slowly been building up a platform for increasing the number of tourists to the country through vigorous TV ads and online viral marketing campaigns Threat All locations indicated in this table suffer from the same problem of increased uncertainty over the current state of the global economy which has negatively impacted the number of people that willing to go on extended vacation (Hiwasaki, 675-692). Consumers have become more hesitant to go on vacations since they do not know if they will be able to continue to keep their jobs if they do so. The current prolonged recession has actually resulted in a direct slowdown of infrastructure development involving resorts within the countries indicated in this analysis and has cast doubt over the ability of the region to continue to maintain its current level of distinction which is the primary factor behind the continued decline of their t ourism industries within the past few years. Tourism Organizational Structure The main tourism organization within the country is the Japan Tourism Agency which basically monitors and implements the various tourism polices that apply to foreign tourists as well as local residents.Advertising Looking for report on geography? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The main purpose of the agency is to promote and monitor the number of tourists that enter into the country and develop specific legislation that is subject to the approval of the main governing body of the country that is aimed at ensuring a steady flow of tourists and the income they provide for local businesses (Japan: Market Profile, 186-190). One of the more recent actions of the agency has been the implementation of new legislation which lowers the standards and amount of requirements for foreign tourists to enter into the country (CHOONG-KI, 392-323). The main aim of such an endeavor was to encourage even individuals with moderate to low incomes to visit the country and see the sights. It should be noted though that the Japan Tourism Agency mainly concerns itself with international tourists and does not involve tourism activities of local residents. Security Risk and Assessment An examination of the U.A.E travel advisory website reveals that there are currently no announcemen ts that specifically state that there are major problems with vacationing in Japan at this moment in time. It was noted on the website though that tourists from the U.A.E should be cautious regarding the current political climate between Japan and China due to their current island dispute. As such, there is a possibility that increased activist protests may occur. All in all though, Japan is considered a relatively safe environment for foreign tourists and, as such, citizens of the U.A.E are free to travel there if they wish. Operating Sectors Attractions Underwater Scuba Diving Considered to be one of the most biologically diverse areas on the planet, Japan, particularly Okinawa island, has a wide variety of coral reefs and diving spots that have been widely praised by diving magazines and the International Diving Association as being one of the most beautiful yet also one of the safest places to see the wonders of underwater nature unfold before their very eyes. Guests at any one of the various resorts in Japan can sign up for a rather affordable diving lesson along with supervised dives at several of the islands best locations. These dives include an exploration of the local coral reef system, diving into various caves near one the other local islands and a moderate feeding of the local marine life. Due to the crystal clear waters that the Japan island system are known for, guests can rent a variety of underwater cameras and equipment in order to film themselves diving and exploring the fascinating wonders in an around the island system of Okinawa. Do note though that it is highly illegal to either capture fish or attempt to extract coral from the surrounding areas and as such guests should abide by the rules lest they get into trouble and be banned from ever diving in the waters of Japan again. Another factor that should be taken into consideration is that those who wish to take up diving lessons must already know how to swim and have a moderate level of p hysical strength since the tanks are quite heavy. Hiking While the Japan does not necessarily have large mountainous areas, it does however have a variety of beautiful hiking trails where an intrepid explorer can go and visit the wonders the sparsely tree covered areas have to offer. It is usually the case that tour groups are led by a local guide who follows a predetermined path through the hilly landscape where he/she points out a variety of interesting sights and animals. Do note that forest exploration within Japan is not as dangerous as compared to countries such as Africa or South America for example since the country does not have any predators that would pose a danger to a hiker that is aware of his surroundings and can make a certain amount of noise to scare the creature off. Some hikes even end in a rather exciting whitewater rafting adventure where hikers climb onto orange rafts and navigate down the river until they reach a miniature lake which often has an alternative s ource of water in the form of a small waterfall. Do note though that you need to be in relatively good health and be in tip top shape in order to go hiking since it is often lasts for hours and goes through relatively tough terrain. Japanese Hot Springs If there is one thing Japan is famous for it is its onsens (i.e. hot spring resorts) located in areas such as Kusatsu, Shibi, Shirahone and Okuhida. These resorts cater primarily to individuals who want to experience the joys of relaxing in naturally heated (i.e. heated from the volcanic rock below) mineral rich waters (Buckley Jr. et al., 357-383). It is often the case that onsens are open air baths within resorts that gives bathers a panoramic view of a clear night sky and the surrounding landscape. It is usually the case that the demographic to a Japanese onsen are individuals usually within their late 30s to early 70s however there has been an increasingly large amount of younger demographics that have been trying out these hot s pring resorts as of late. The primary reason is the fact that an onsen is considered the ultimate traveler’s experience within Japan that any tourist in the country should seek out (Hall, 19). Major Shopping Districts Akihabara While Japan has several of the worlds best shopping districts none compare to the fame of its Akihabara district. Connected with the otaku subculture of Japan, Akihabara can be considered a hub for technology, manga, and anime. It famously has an assortment of maid cafes wherein attractive Japanese girls dress up in maid costumes and serve you while calling you master. The shopping district is also one of the best places in Asia to find the best discounts on electronic goods and various unique types of consumer devices (Foster, 351-372). Lastly, it is also the primary location from which Japans otaku sub-culture congregates in order to trade, buy and sell all things related to manga and anime. What you have to understand is that the popularity of manga and anime has surpassed the borders of Japan and has actually reached numerous international locations such as the France, the U.S., China and even the U.A.E. As such, Akihabara has become a prime destination for many anime and manga lovers from different countries to stock up on various figurines and toys related to their favorite series. It should also be noted that what is unique about Akihabara is that unlike other prime tourist destinations around the world, it actually lacks the presence of any major hotel chains in the area. The primary reason behind this is due to the fact that a majority of the buildings located within the district primarily cater to the sale of consumer electronics and anime related paraphernalia. What the area has instead are capsule hotels, these hotels utilize a unique concept wherein instead of rooms rows of stacked man-sized capsules are placed within a room that have a bed, television and a small ventilation shaft installed inside. This type of hote l was meant to maximize on the limited amount of space within the Akihabara. Shinjuku Is a major business and commercial hub within Japan that possesses dozens of malls, several of the best hotels in the world and is comparable to Los Angeles on a busy day. Overall, this city is not that unique since it shares numerous similarities with other cities all over the world and does not have the uniqueness of Akihabara. Ecotourism While Japan has innumerable ecotourism destinations due to its focus on preserving natural resources and saving the environment, the most famous ecotourism destination within the country is Hokkaido Island located on the northwest part of the country (Hiwasaki, 107-126). The reason this particular destination is considered an ecotourism hotspot is due the fact that the general environment looks like an area in Europe rather than Asia. This is due to the combination of long fields of grass, small hills dotting the landscape here and there, snow capped mountains a s well as various species of trees that have white bark that do not resemble native species (Hiwasaki, 107-126). It should also be noted that the area is home to numerous native species that are not found any other place on the Earth such as the reclusive Hokkaido fox and deer as well as various species of owls. Not only that, the design of the buildings within this particular Business Travel Business travel within Japan is facilitated easily through the use of its expansive public transportation system, its bullet train system that connects various regions of the main island (the Shinkansen) as well as through several regional airports that have 24 hour flights. Overall, travel within the country is quite easy for foreign tourists so long as you follow the necessary guides for reaching your destination (Japan: Market Profile, 186-190). Cultural Heritage Tourism What you have to understand is that in the case of Japan its unique cultural heritage is the main selling point of its tou rism industry (FRANCIS-LINDSAY, 151-168). As such, in regions such as Kanto, Tohoku, Chugoku, and Kansai the main tourist attractions are not the local flora or fauna, rather, it is the various traditional temples, villages and ways of life that several Japanese communities espouse that become the main selling point of such regions (FRANCIS-LINDSAY, 151-168). Lodging For any tourist wishing to stay in Japan there are an assortment of 5 star hotels within the cities of Tokyo, Shinjuku, Osaka, Saitama and other such major areas of commerce, however, to truly appreciate a tourist experience in Japan it is highly recommended that you skip hotels and instead utilize Ryoukans which are the Japanese equivalent of inns. While these areas do not utilize the same ranking system as hotels, they are considered some of the best places to stay within the country since they serve guests traditional Japanese cuisine within traditional Japanese rooms with sliding doors, tatami mats and walls made ou t of thick paper. Do note though that there are no ryokans within the city since they are often found in the countryside in order to help their guests relax and appreciate nature. Several famous areas for ryokans are Tamatsukuri, Arima, Okinawa and Hokkaido due to their largely un-spoilt areas which are free from industrial development. Major Festivals and Events It is actually quite interesting to note that each region in Japan celebrates a variety of unique festivals that are inherent only to that particular region. This is due to various historical events, however, there are festivals such as Hanami, Tanabata, Toro Nagashi, the Shogatsu and assortment of others that universally celebrated across the various regions of the country. A large percentage of these festivals are usually held near or on the grounds of the local Shinto shrine and, as such, is usually the best direction to head to for tourists that want to experience the full force of Japans festivals. Future of Destinatio ns When it comes to the short and long term goals of the Japanese tourism industry, it is interesting to note that due to the current European debt crisis and the general turmoil in the global economic market it has been decided that within the short term the tourism sector of the country will continue to follow its current plan of providing high quality amenities and services at high cost however in the long term what will happen is a slow and carefully planned diversification of services in order to cater to clients that have medium to low income brackets (Hiwasaki, 675-692). The reason behind this is quite simple, the current problems within the global economy has created a noticeable impact on hotel guests and tourists at the present wherein many have been reluctant to spend as much as they used to (Uzama, 356-365). If this current trend continues it is likely that Japan will still continue to receive a steady stream of people however these will consist of individuals/families t hat would be looking for a bargain instead of luxury (Uzama, 356-365). Thus, a transition would be necessary in order to meet the demands of this new consumer market. It was realized within the past year that if such a strategy is not implemented it is very likely that the country will see a considerable reduction in the amount of tourists that arrive. Japan has actually taken the first initial steps into this direction by lowering the visa requirements needed to enter into the country in order to encourage foreign tourism. Market Problems The current problem with the tourism market between Japan and the U.A.E is the fact that consumer spending is at an all time low due to the 2008 – 2012 (present day) economic downturn. Unfortunately, the inherent problem with the current situation is that it creates a vicious cycle wherein low consumer spending results in companies reducing various aspects of their operational capacity (i.e. manufacturing of products, low level employees et c.) in order to remain in business which results in even lower consumer spending since people do not have jobs to support themselves anymore. An example of the effect of such a behavior by major corporations can be seen in the Dubai wherein up to 28% percent of current construction projects have been delayed due to workforce cutbacks employed by various companies in an attempt to continue to remain viable despite lackluster local demand. Another global factor that should be taken into consideration when examining the tourism trade of Japan is the current debt crisis in Europe that was brought about through not only the reckless actions of various banks within region (as seen in the case of Ireland) but also through government mismanagement of finances (seen in the case of Greece) and exposure to a reckless housing market (the case of Spain) which has also adversely affected domestic manufacturing within the U.S. Such factors have taken a steep toll on the airline passenger market wi th up to 50% of profits effectively wiped out in period immediately during the aftermath of the 2008 recession with only a marginal improvement on domestic flights. As a direct result of such issues, this has severely impacted Japan’s local tourism industry resulting in far fewer profits and the closure of several prominent tourism destinations due to lackluster demand. Solving the Problem Shifting to New Consumer Markets With low consumer spending and an atmosphere of economic uncertainty which pervades the traditional markets of Japan in Europe and America there is a necessity to pursue new consumer markets in various parts of the U.A.E. As such, the following are recommended methods of increasing the popularity of the country through using social media networks: Advertising Through Social Media: YouTube Stars Various forms of consumable media in the form of print ads, billboards, commercials, online marketing campaigns and a plethora of other types of advertising initiativ es are rife with the images of various popular individuals showing just how prevalent product endorsements are in the advertising campaigns of numerous companies. The logic behind this particular method of advertising stems from the fact that people are more likely to purchase a product or utilize a particular service if they see someone else happily using it, studies even show that the likelihood of product patronage goes up astronomically if it is seen that a pop culture icon is utilizing a particular type of product. This speaks volumes of the influence of pop culture on consumer buying behavior however it is also indicative of the fact that companies are aware of what causes consumers to purchase a particular product and act accordingly in order to exploit it. Yet, the inherent problem with using popular culture celebrities is the fact that they are often quite expensive and demand millions of dollars in fees. An alternative strategy that I have devised that overcomes this parti cular problem utilizes YouTube stars as a means of promoting the resorts of Bohol. On average, YouTube stars such as Ray William Johnson, Philip DeFranco, Shane Dawson, Smosh and others like them often generate millions of views per video, greater even than some shows on cable television. Furthermore, these shows are watched by a global audience encompassing countries such as the U.S., China, Russia, Australia, and various states within the European Union. This would enable any marketing campaign that centers on the use of such YouTube stars to in effect target a wide range of consumer markets at a relatively low cost. YouTube stars in general do not demand a lot of money for placing ads within their show; it is usually the case that by providing promotional code or a link in the description of the video the company that created an advertising contract with them usually pays on the basis on the number of clicks. This averages to around $5,000 to $6,000 on select advertising and prom otional deals; this is a vast difference when compared to the millions demanded by A-list stars within Hollywood. You also have to take into consideration the fact that YouTube stars can come from a variety of different countries wherein they have a distinct level of popularity with the local populace. Based on this, a marketing campaign could spend half the amount of money that would normally go to an A-list star yet reach four times the intended audience demographic by utilizing a select marketing strategy devoted to using YouTube stars from specific regions that cater to the audience demographics that the campaign is attempting to appeal to. Strategies to Consider Sponsored Links, Promotional Codes and Banners The best way in order to fully utilize the viewership of a YouTube star is to have them sponsor the resort by having them mention it then have them point to either a banner location on the screen, a promotional code the viewers can use to get discounts or a link in the desc ription of the video where viewers can go and visit a website detailing the various resort packages they can avail of. This is often the strategy Netflix uses on either the Philip DeFranco show or on EpicMealTime in order to gain a substantial amount of subscribers to their services. The same strategy can be utilized on select YouTube stars from specific regions and through multiple shows. By examining the viewership range and what type of viewers normally watch a particular YouTube star the marketing campaign will be able to determine what star to use, how long should the promotion period last for and will be able to monitor the overall effectiveness of the campaign via the number of clicks on the link, the number of people watching the video or the sheer amount of times the promotional code is used. Vloging a Sponsored Vacation One potential avenue of approach is to arrange for an all expenses paid trip for the YouTube star to a select resort in Bohol where they can vlog their exp erience to their viewership. Vlogging is a term that is a result of combining the words blogging (referring to act of publishing personal thoughts and experiences online for complete strangers to read) and video. The vlogs of YouTube stars often generate a substantial degree of views due to the current obsession over reality viewing wherein people want to watch people living their lives as it unfolds. By having YouTube stars vlog their experiences within the resort for a few days this in effect acts as type of commercial which shows cases the amenities and overall appeal of the location. Since it comes from a personal perspective and not through a telegraphed and obviously one sided view of the resort, this in effect generates a unique appeal to the market segments that the marketing campaign is attempting to target. It must also be noted that the YouTube stars in question could also be potentially convinced to host their shows with a live background of the resort. This enables the marketing campaign to more effectively capture a larger audience without having to increase the amount of money paid to the YouTube star since they are already on an all expenses paid free vacation. Summary Overall, it can be seen that Japan is a country that is rich in cultural heritage and possesses attractions that would cause a significant degree of wonder and amazement for any tourist from the U.A.E. It is truly beautiful and amazing and one that I myself would love to visit in the near future. It must be noted though that at the present the country lacks a significant enough online presence and is still considered one of the most expensive places to take a vacation. It is based on this that it is highly recommended that the country attempt several new ways in which it can develop its online presence, especially through social media, and devise a way that it can make its local services cheaper for tourists in order to increase the amount of foreign visitors into the country. B uckley Jr., Peter J., Hafiz Mirza, and Stephen F. Witt. Japans International Tourism In The Context Of Its International Economic Relations. Service Industries Journal  9.3 (1989): 357-383.EBSCOhost.Web. Choong-ki, Lee. The Impact Of Visa-Free Entry On Outbound Tourism: A Case Study Of South Korean Travellers Visiting Japan. Tourism Geographies 12.2 (2010): 302-323. EBSCOhost. Web. Foster, M. D. What Time Is This Picture? Cameraphones, Tourism, And The Digital Gaze In Japan. Social Identities 15.3 (2009): 351-372. EBSCOhost. Web. Francis-Lindsay, Janice. The Intrinsic Value Of Cultural Heritage And Its Relationship To Sustainable Tourism Development: The Contrasting Experiences Of Jamaica And Japan. Caribbean Quarterly 55.2 (2009): 151-168. EBSCOhost. Web. Hall, Kenji. Get Sick, Visit Japan. Businessweek 4143 (2009): 19. EBSCOhost. Web. Hiwasaki, Lisa. Community-Based Tourism: A Pathway To Sustainability For Japans Protected Areas. Society Natural Resources 19.8 (2006): 675-692. EBSCOhost.Web. Hiwasaki, Lisa. Tourism In Japans Parks And Protected Areas: Challenges And Potential For Sustainable Development. International Review For Environmental  Strategies 4.1 (2003): 107-126. EBSCOhost. Web. Japan. Travel Tourism Forecast Asia Australasia (2005): 58-63.  EBSCOhost. Web. Japan: Market Profile. Travel Tourism Forecast World (2004): 186-190.  EBSCOhost. Web. Uzama, Austin. Marketing Japans Travel And Tourism Industry To International Tourists. International Journal Of Contemporary Hospitality Management 21.3 (2009): 356-365. EBSCOhost. Web.

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Analyse the political regime of Russia and its level of democracy by Essay

Analyse the political regime of Russia and its level of democracy by using the Varieties of democracy - Essay Example They have executed these principles through several formal institutional measures and informal procedures and practices. Based on the seven verities principles, this essay will intellectualize and empirically analyze this variety within the established democracy of Russia. Electoral Democracy is the foundation on which most of the other conceptions build; the electoral principle of democracy identified with the elite, competition and contestation. Minimal Schumpeterian or realist democracy is the idea that democracy is attained through tough competition among leader groups, which contest for approval from the electorates. Elections and parties form the core part of the procedural account of the process. In most cases, it involves an active media, civil liberties, an independent judiciary and a written constitution among others (Joshi, 2012). The populace within the country determine the individuals that govern them, or have the ability and right to vote. However, on numerous occasions, such democracies are only so by name; real political opposition may be lacking Currently, the electoral democracy of Russia is facing limited success. The judicial system is highly influenced by the elite and rich in society. The electoral process has lost potential and as a result, the elections have damaged party organizations, which is the biggest problem to attaining electoral democracy. Recent studies have proved that the ability of parties to engage the public on critical issues is faced with limited success. Recent evidence indicates that under the current structure, proximity to elections decelerates the party-building progress. Most coalitions amongst parties do not agree on economic, political and cultural issues salient to the electorate. In addition, with this election system as in the earlier systems, voters are confronted with an entirely revised political